The Telephone Consumer Protection Act (TCPA) was enacted in 1991 to protect consumers from unwanted telemarketing calls and faxes. The TCPA places restrictions on how businesses can contact consumers, and gives consumers the right to opt out of receiving certain types of communications from businesses. The TCPA generally prohibits businesses from making phone calls or sending texts or faxes to consumers without their prior consent. There are a few exceptions to this rule, such as for emergency purposes or when the recipient has given their express written consent to receive such communications. The TCPA also requires businesses to provide an opt-out mechanism for consumers who do not want to receive further communications from the business. This opt-out must be prominently displayed.